There’s growing scientific evidence that periodontitis can affect general health and consequently, periodontal treatment can help improve the health outcomes of related systemic illnesses. A systemic disease is one which affects a number of organs and tissues and sometimes even the body as a whole.
Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease affecting the supporting tissues of the teeth. The signs of periodontitis are loose teeth as well as red and swollen gums, followed by tooth exfoliation which affects the ability to eat.
Around 10 and 15% of adults 21 to 50 years old and approximately 30% of subjects who are more than 50 years of age have severe periodontitis. They require immediate treatment which can include the surgical removal of bacterial plaque and intensive oral hygiene instructions.
More than treating periodontitis itself, you should learn about the other reasons why you should not let this dental problem continue. Here are the three beneficial effects of periodontal treatment on other illnesses.
Aspiration pneumonia happens when gastric contents are accidentally pushed into the trachea and then make their way into the lungs. As bacteria infiltrate the lung tissue, they infect the lungs and lead to pneumonia. Pace and McCullough reviewed the connection between oral microorganisms and aspiration pneumonia for the elderly. They learned that periodontitis is associated with bacteria that can cause pneumonia. Periodontal treatment can reduce the risk of developing aspiration pneumonia while oral therapy and care contribute to the treatment of respiratory illnesses too.
Diabetes and periodontal diseases have long been considered by medical professionals as biologically linked. Diabetes may generate or worsen periodontitis while the latter is also quite prevalent among people with diabetes. Doctor Teeuw and colleagues examined the effect of periodontal therapies on the glycemic control of patients with diabetes using a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical studies that were published since 2009. Findings showed that periodontal treatment improved the glycemic control of type 2 diabetic patients for around three months at the minimum. Getting prompt periodontal treatment can alleviate diabetes symptoms.
Periodontal treatment may also affect cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) as patients with periodontitis have higher risk of developing CVD. D’Aiuto and other researchers studied the impact of periodontal therapy on CVDs and learned that it initiates a short-term inflammatory response that may reduce blood pressure and related heart tissue problems. Additionally, getting periodontal treatment resulted in better endothelial function which can prevent or help treat heart diseases.
If you have high risks for pneumonia, diabetes, or cardiovascular illnesses or already have any of these diseases apart from periodontitis, you should ask your dentist about getting periodontal treatment. Periodontitis is a dental illness that can worsen some systemic diseases, which means your continued good health may depend in part on getting prompt periodontal treatment.
Effect of Periodontal Treatment on Glycemic Control of Diabetic Patients, Care.DiabetesJournals.org
Evidence That Periodontal Treatment Improves Biomarkers and CVD Outcomes, OnlineLibrary.Wiley.com
The Association Between Oral Microorgansims and Aspiration Pneumonia in the Institutionalized Elderly: Review and Recommendations, RockFordHealthCouncil.org